PASSIFLORA EDULIS var. Flavicarpa. - MARACUJA.|
Yellow passion fruit, maracuja, yellow granadilla, pomme liane jaune, clock plant (tokeisõ), clock-flower.
The Passion fruit plant is an indigenous tropical and semi-tropical climber, with a hard woody stem that climbs by using it's tendrils.
There are over 300 species of Passion flower; the Amazon region produces the most of these.
Depending on the species, the leaves vary from dark green, small, entire to five lobed, fine toothed. Maracuja has strikingly beautiful, large white flowers with purple centers; those contributed to the name Passionflower as the outlook can be associated with the Crucifixion of Christ.
The form and very often the color of the edible fruit is also set by the species, elongated to small heart-shaped, greenish-white to purple.
In Suriname the Passiflora edulis var. flavicarpa is grown commercially for the fruit juice, which is one of the most delicious of all the tropics, and now known all over the world!
Yellow passion fruit is almost round with a diameter of 2½ - 3½".
Surinam growers plant two forms: purple and yellow.
The yellow passion fruit is less fragrant and some what more acid than the purple passion fruit.
It is also less adaptive to cold and needs a tropical temperature to fruit. The small black seeds are embedded in the juicy pulp.
Harman indole alkaloids (harmine, harmaline, and harmalol), phenols, glycosyl flavonoids (flavone di-C-glycosides shaftoside, isoshaftoside, isovitexin, iso-orientin, vicenin, lucenin, saponarin, and passiflorine). Free flavonoids include apigenin, luteolin, quercetin, and kamferol and cyanogenic compounds.
Passiflora species have sedative and tranquilizing effects; they have a positive effect on tenseness, restlessness and irritability.
An extract of the leaves may have a significant antitussive activity on cough.
Recent studies shows that the leaves have anticonvulsant effects.
Dried leaves smoked, have reportedly been giving a mild marijuana type high.
There is a gradually loss of the taste for much nicotine. For some reason, passiflora reduces nicotine cravings drastically.
Suriname's traditional medicine
Traditional used to treat anxiety, attention- deficit hyperactivity disorder, hypertension and seizure.
The leaves of passion fruit are used to settle edgy nerves, also for colic, diarrhea, dysentery, and insomnia.
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USDA zone 9 A - 11.
Full sun / light shade, fertile well, drained sandy soil with a Ph of 6.5 - 7.5.
Water regularly; it can also successfully be used as a container plant. Plant in a frost free spots, although the roots are hardy to 26° F.
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