MAROWINA DATABASE MEDICINAL SUPPORT®
This database shows the use of natural remedies, dietary supplements, medicinal plants and herbs for specific disorders and conditions as used for many centuries by the Maroons, Amerindians and Asian immigrants (from India and Indonesia) in Suriname.
Visit the MEDICINE FROM NATURE page. It shows the use of natural remedies, dietary supplements, medicinal plants and herbs for specific disorders and conditions.
Visit the Compiled Medicinal Plant List for all the medicinal plants in Surinam.
Please note that this is a work in progress!
Visit also our CANCER -, CHOLESTEROL -, DIABETES-, GOUT-, HEPATITIS-, HYPERTENSION-, MEDICAL TERMS-, OBESITY-, PROSTATE-, & URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI) pages.
For Herbal Dietary Supplements go to: CAPSULES, MEDICINAL TEAS and TINCTURES.
Note: the information is not intended to be used to diagnose, cure, prescribe or replace proper medical care!
For detailed information on disorders and conditions, please visit MEDLINE - plus.
To search MEDLINE citations and additional life science journals, go to the PubMed web site of NLM (NATIONAL LIBRARY of MEDICINE).
A localized accumulation of pus, in any part of the body, that results from a breakdown of tissues (infection).
Hibuscus sabdariffa, Cassava, Cat's Claw, Simaruba, Castor Bean, Soursop.
Non - specific symptons that can be assocated with several condition, within or outside the abdomen.
Syzygium cumini, Abrus precatorius.
Abortion agent that produces an abortion.
Asclepias curassavica, broomweed, Waltheria Americana, Wormseed, Paternoster bean.
Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands of the skin; usually on the face and upper body, characterized by papules, pustules, comedones (blackheads) and in severe cases by cysts, nodules, and scarring. The most common form - acne vulgaris - usually affects persons from puberty to young adulthood.
Abuta, Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Sarsaparilla.
Acute - and chronic hepatitis:
Inflammation of the liver that is characterized by jaundice, abdominal discomfort, loss of apetite, enlarged and abnormilly functioning liver and dark urine.
Hard stick, Phyllanthus amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria.
Hormone - secreting glands situated atop a kidney, essential for the maintenance of water and salt balance and the function of many organ systems in the body.
Serious, often fatal condition in which the immune system breaks down and does not respond normally to infection. The cause has been identified as a virus (human immunodeficiency virus) HIV. No treatment has yet proven effective.
Zingiber zerumbet, Zingiber aromaticum, Cat's Claw, Candlestick Senna, Pau d'Arco, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Quassia, Pao pereira.
Hypersensitivity reaction to a substance that is intrinsically harmless, f.i. dust, pollen, animal hair, certain substances in food.
Hardstick, Cat's Claw, Jatoba, Pau d'Arco, Verbena.
Alterative: Alzheimer's disease: Amenorrhea: Analgesic: Anemia:
To stimulate sexual activity and libido.
Alligator pepper, Bitter Melon, Cayenne Pepper, Devil's Doer, Jak fruit, Sarsaparilla, Sweet Broom, Tropical almond, Turnera diffusa, Velvet bean.
Inflammation of a joint or joints that may cause swelling, redness, stiffness and pain.
There are over 100 different types of arthritis. The most common form is osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease).
Abuta, Andiroba, Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Cordia curassavica, Curcuma xanthorriza, Desmodium adscendens, Jatoba, Noni, Papaya, Pau d' Arco, Pine, Sarsaparilla, Soursop, Waltheria Americana, Wild Tomato, Wormseed.
Disorder of the arteries; Also called Hardening of the arteries.
Infection with ascaris worms acquired through feces-contaminated water or food.
Respiratory disorder; episodes of difficulty in breathing, wheezing, cough and thick mucous production caused by spasm or inflammation of the bronchi.
Jak fruit, Abuta, Annato, Bitter Melon, Bloodflower, Candlestick Senna, Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Jatoba, African eggplant, Eggplant, Breadfruit, Desmodium adscendens, Kapok Tree, Eclipta alba, Lemongrass, Mango, Papaya, Passionflower, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Sarsaparilla, Sweet Potato, Trumpet Tree, Velvetbean, Verbena, Wild Tomato, Wormseed, Euphorhia hirta.
Substance to destroy or inhibit, Ascaris lumbricoides, a intestinal parasitic worm.
Candlestick Senna, Mango, Papaya, Velvetbean, Wormseed.
Causing the skin to draw tight, to stop bleeding in minor cuts.
Tamarindus indica, Rambutan, Annato, Barbados Cherry, Cyperus Rotundus, Bitter Melon, Guava, Jatoba, Greater Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Quassia, Soursop, Spanish Cedar.
Fungal infection (ringworm) of the foot. It generally starts between the toes, causing itching and burning. A common fungal infection of the foot also called tinea pedis. Later, a bacterium may replace the fungus and cause the skin between the toes to turn white, crack and peel off. Treatment is by antifungal preparations.
Copaifera officinalis, Cassia Alata, Eclipta alba.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):
Common childhood brain disorder and can continue through adolescence and adulthood.
Pain in the back. Backache is a common complaint; it may be caused by muscle strain or other muscle injury or disorder, or by pressure on a nerve, resulting from vertebral disk injury, or as a symptom of many other disorders.
Physic Nut, Desmodium Adscendens.
Soothing, healing oily substance.
Disorders of the urinary bladder; a muscular, membranous sac that stores urine.
Amaranthus tricolor, Abuta, Bitter Melon, Jatoba, Lemongrass, Mango, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Trumpet tree, Pride of Barbados, Sarsaparilla, Wild Tomato, Virola Surinamensis, Waltheria americana.
Excessive discharge of mucus.
Abuta, Jatoba, Phyllanthus urinaria, Quassia Amara, Phyllanthus Amarus, Sweet Broom.
Cat's Claw, Sarsaparilla.
Force of blood on the walls of the arteries resulting from the squeezing effects of the heart's left ventricle (systole), with residual maintenance (diastole) as the heart chambers relax and expand.
Artocarpus altilis, Shiny bush, Syzygium jamun.
Simple sugar that is the major energy source in the body.
Small painful lumps in the skin that has a core of dead tissue and surounding inflammation.
Abuta, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Papaya, Pau d' Arco, Soursop, Verbena, Wild Tomato.
Bowel / Intestine disorders:
Intestines especially the large intestines. That part of the alimentary canal extending from the pyloric opening of the stomach to the anus.
Sesamum indicum, Billy Goat Weed, Cat's Claw, Copaiba, Guava, Jatoba, Papaya, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Wild Tomato.
One of the most common malignancies in women in the United States, with several known risk factors, including a family history of breast cancer.
Early symptoms are usually detected by the woman during breast self-examination and include a small painless lump; thick or dimpled skin, or a change in the nipple; later symptoms include nipple discharge, pain and swollen lymph glands in the armpit area.
Diagnosis is made by physical examination, mammography and laboratory examination of tumor cells obtained through biopsy.
Bitter Melon, Noni, Pao pereira .
Inflammation of a bronchus or of the bronchi.
Spondias mombin, Waltheria americana, Euphorhia hirta, Coffee plum, Abuta, Candlestick Senna, Copaiba, Guava, Jatoba, Hard stick, Mango, Passionflower, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Pride of Barbados, Sweet Broom, African eggplant, Hard stick, Trumpet Tree, Verbena, Wild Tomato.
Tissue injury resulting from exposure to excessive sun, heat, caustic or electricity.
Annato, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Mango, Papaya, Sarsaparilla, Sweet Potato.
Inflammation of a bursa, fluid-filled membranelined sac, usually in the vicinity of joints.
Curcuma xanthorriza, Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Jatoba.
Stone that forms in the body, f.i. gall- and kidneystone.
Abuta, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus.
Hardened area of skin as on the bottom of the foot .
Tissue formed around a bone fracture.
Abnormal, malignant growth of cells that invade nearby tissues and often spread to other sites in the body, interfering with the normal function of the affected sites.
Andiroba, Annato, Bitter melon, Cat's claw, Curcuma xanthorriza, Fingerroot, Greater periwinkle, Lesser periwinkle, Noni, Pao pereira, Papaya, Pau d'arco, Phyllanthus amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Quassia, Sarsaparilla, Soursop, Star apple, Tropical almond, Velvet bean, Wild tomato, Zingiber aromaticum, Zingiber zerumbet.
Yeast - like fungus that may infect the mouth, skin, intestines or vagina.
Candlestick Senna, Cat's Claw, Jatoba, Pau d' Arco, Wormseed.
Tonic to strengthen the heart and aorta.
Cat's Claw, Jatoba, Mango, Papaya, Greater Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Soursop, Trumpet Tree, Cacao, Verbena, Wormbush.
Prevents formation of or used to expel stomach gas.
Piper marginatum, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Cyperus Rotundus, Greater Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Sarsaparilla, Velvet bean.
Mucous membrane infection.
Bitter Melon, Copaiba, Jatoba, Mango, Greater Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Cordia, Soursop.
Increases or stimulates the evacuation of the bowels. (See laxative)
CDiff (Clostridium difficile):
Bacterium that causes diarrhea and serious intestinal conditions such as colitis.
Combinations forms indicating an association with chemicals or chemistry.
Tropical almond, Curcuma xanthorriza.
Acute infection with the bacterium Vibrio Cholerae, characterized by severe diarrhea and vomiting, often leading to dehydration, electrolyte imbalances and if untreated, death.
Abuta, Guava, Mango, Velvet bean.
Increases the flow of bile from the gallbladder.
Candlestick Senna, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Sweet Broom.
See Hypocholesterolemic.(Cholesterol = complex chemical, present in all animal fats and widespread in the body.
Acai, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria.
Increases the contractive power of the bile duct.
Increase the production and flow of bile in the liver.
Chronic fatigue syndrome:
Fatigue = 1.exhaustion, weariness, loss of strength; 2.temporary inability of tissues to respond to stimuli.
Cat's Claw, Jatoba.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD):
One of the most common lung diseases; gives difficulty in breathing. The two main forms are: Chronic bronchitis and Emphysema.
Asthma weed, Embauba, Curcumin
Stimulates the Central Nervous System.
Promotes wound healing and formation of new tissue.
Andiroba, Annato, Bitter Melon, Guava, Passionflower, Soursop, Sweet Broom.
General term for the movement of the blood, lymph, or other fluids through the body.
Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Mango, Pau d' Arco.
Infection involving the nasal passages and upper part of the breathing system (not including the lungs) / influenza = acute, contagious, virus-caused infection of the respratory tract.
Abuta, Andiroba, Annato, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Candlestick Senna, Cassia occidentalis, Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Cordia curassavica, Guava, Ginger, Lantana Camara, Lemongrass, Mango, Papaya, Pau d' Arco, Periwinkle, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Piper marginatum, Puyang, Sarsaparilla, Shiny bush, Simaruba, Soursop, Surinam cherry, Tonka Bean, Verbena, Vinca major, Waltheria America, Wild Tomato.
1.Acute pain associated with spasm of smooth muscle f.i. during passage of a kidneystone; 2.in infants; recurrent episodes of persistent crying accompanied by signs of abdominal distress, may be caused by intestinal gas.
Cake bush, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Guava, Papaya, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Simaruba, Sweet Broom, Wild Tomato, Maracuja, Wormseed.
Colon = segment of large intestine from the cecum to the rectum.
Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Pau d'Arco, Verbena.
Abnormal collection of blood or other fluid in the lungs.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the eyelids and the front of the eye, caused by bacterial or viral infection, allergy or irritation.
Euphorbia hirta, Abuta, Annato, Sarsaparilla, Sweet Broom, Wormseed.
Difficulty in having bowel movements.
Abuta, Candlestick Senna, Castor Bean, Jatoba, Papaya, Pau d'Arco, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Annato, Jatropha Curcas, Mountain Apple, Sweet Broom.
Means of preventing fertilization.
Broomweed, Rosary pea.
Sudden, involuntary and violent contraction of a group of muscles; also called a seizure.
Abuta, Annato, Cassia occidentalis, Guava, Hard stick, Passionflower.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD):
Most common type of heart disease; when the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the build up of plaque on the inner walls.
Cayenne, Curcumin, Ginger.
Sudden forceful and audible expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the airpassages of irritants and helps to prevent aspiration of foreign particles into the lungs.
Portulaca oleracea, Hibuscus sabdariffa, Cassia occidentalis, Cordia curassavica, Abuta, Andiroba, Lantana Camara, Shiny bush, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Carpenter's Grass, Guava, Jatoba, Lemongrass, Mango, Passionflower, Pau d'Arco, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Sarsaparilla, Soursop, Sweet Broom, Trumpet Tree, Velvetbean, Verbena, Wild Tomato.
Chronic inflammatory condition affecting the colon, producing frequent episodes of diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, fever, weakness and weightloss.
Inherited disease, usually recognized in infancy or early childhood, in which the glands, esp. those of the pancreas, lungs and intestines, become clogged with thick mucus.
Inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters.
Curcuma xanthorriza, Abuta, Annato, Copaiba, Jatoba, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus
To damage or destroy cancerous cells.
Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Pau d'Arco, Simaruba, Soursop.
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