|CAESALPINIA PULCHERRIMA L. - PRIDE OF BARBADOS|
Poinciana pulcherrima, Poinciana bijuga.
Pride of Barbados, dwarf poinciana, red bird of paradise, krere - krere, Barbados flower - fence, pearock flower, tabachin, tabaquin.
Pride of Barbados is a small evergreen perennial shrub or tree, from the West Indies, 10 - 15 feet high with alternate, bipinnate leaves. The stem and branches are armed with spines. The red, orange, yellow and pink flowers grow at the end of the prickly branches.
This small, graceful tree flowers throughout the year and is a beautiful garden plant.
Pride of Barbados has beautiful bowl - shaped flowers in the colors red, orange, orange - red and yellow.
The yellow variety is often called Yellow bird of paradise.
The fruits are legumes, 3 - 4" long; when ripe they split open and release the brown beans.
The variety of pride of Barbados with red flowers is also called Red bird of paradise, while the yellow species is called Phoenix bird of paradise.
Closely related is the Yellow bird of paradise (Caesalpinnia gilliesii) which has yellow flowers with long red stamens.
This plant is used to attract hummingbirds.
Suriname's Traditional Medicine
The leaves are purgative and used against kidney stones, malarial fever and bronchitis.
Flavonoids isolated from this plant possess anti-inflammatory activities; the flavonoid of quercetin has antiviral activity.
Pride of Barbados exhibits a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity, particularly against Escherichia coli (enteropathogen), Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus.
The root and stem seem to be cytotoxic.(damages or destroys cancerous cells).
Used by the Indians as an abortifacient (causes a miscarriage).
USDA zone 8 - 11.
Seeds and cuttings.
This plant needs full sun, well drained, alkaline to acidic soil. Barbados flower-fence is tolerant to drought.
It is winter hardy to 30° F., although it can survive temperatures
down to 20° F. Frost is a hazard to the young plant.
The Yellow bird of Paradise can withstand temperatures as low as 10º F.
Both are deciduous at these low temperatures and both can withstand drought very well.
This decorative flowering tree is widely planted in South Florida.
In cooler climates it can be grown as an annual.