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MAROWINA DATABASE MEDICINAL SUPPORT®
This tropical, medicinal plant database shows the use of natural remedies & therapies, herbal dietary supplements, medicinal plants and herbs from the Amazon rainforest. It is for specific disorders and conditions as used for many centuries by the Maroons, Amerindians and Asian immigrants (from India and Indonesia) in Suriname.
Visit the MEDICINE FROM NATURE page. It shows the use of alternative medicine, natural remedies, dietary supplements, medicinal plants and herbs for specific disorders and conditions.
Visit also the Compiled Medicinal Plant List for all the medicinal plants in Surinam, Guyana and French Guiana (Guyane franšaise).
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Visit also our CANCER -, CHOLESTEROL -, DIABETES-, GOUT-, HEPATITIS-, HYPERTENSION-, MEDICAL TERMS-, OBESITY-, PROSTATE-, TROPICAL DISEASES-, & URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI) pages.
For the use of Herbal Dietary Supplements go to: MEDICINAL TEAS and HERBAL TINCTURES.
Note: the information is not intended to be used to diagnose, cure, prescribe or replace proper medical care!
For detailed information on disorders, illnesses and conditions, please visit MedlinePlus.
To search MEDLINE citations and additional life science journals, go to the PubMed website of NLM (NATIONAL LIBRARY of MEDICINE).
Non - specific symptons that can be assocated with several condition, within or outside the abdomen.
Syzygium cumini, Abrus precatorius.
Abortion agent that produces an abortion.
Asclepias curassavica, Epazote, Gossypium, Hog plum, Rosary pea, Sweet Broom, Waltheria Americana, Wild senna,
A localized accumulation of pus, in any part of the body, that results from a breakdown of tissues (infection).
Cassava, Castor Bean, Cat's Claw, Hibuscus sabdariffa, Simaruba, Soursop, Virola.
See Gastro Intestinal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands of the skin; usually on the face and upper body, characterized by papules, pustules, comedones (blackheads) and in severe cases by cysts, nodules, and scarring. The most common form - acne vulgaris - usually affects persons from puberty to young adulthood.
Abuta, Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Sarsaparilla.
Acute - and chronic hepatitis:
Inflammation of the liver that is characterized by jaundice, abdominal discomfort, loss of apetite, enlarged and abnormilly functioning liver and dark urine.
Hard stick, Phyllanthus amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria.
Natural substance helping the body adept to stress.
Hormone - secreting glands situated atop a kidney, essential for the maintenance of water and salt balance and the function of many organ systems in the body.
Serious, often fatal condition in which the immune system breaks down and does not respond normally to infection. The cause has been identified as a virus (human immunodeficiency virus) HIV. No treatment has yet proven effective.
Zingiber zerumbet, Zingiber aromaticum, Cat's Claw, Candlestick Senna, Pau d'Arco, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Quassia, Pao pereira.
Hypersensitivity reaction to a substance that is intrinsically harmless, f.i. dust, pollen, animal hair, certain substances in food.
Cat's Claw, Garlic, Hardstick, Jatoba, Neem, Pau d'Arco, Verbena.
Alterative: Alzheimer's disease: Amenorrhea: Amnesia: Analgesic: Anemia:
Lack or loss of appetite despite basic caloric needs.
Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Quassia Amara, Sweet orange peel.
Substance which reduces and/or neutralizes stomach acid.
Sweet Broom, Verbena.
Drug or chemical that kills intestinal worms.
Bitter Melon, Candlestick Senna, Cat's Claw, Papaya, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Cyperus Rotundus, Quassia, Spanish Cedar, Velvetbean, Verbena, Calabaza, Wormseed, Ruellia tuberosa.
Kills or inhibits bacteria.
Aloe vera, Andiroba, Annato, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Candlestick Senna, Copaiba, Giant Bloodflower, Guava, Hamelia patens, Hog plum, Jatoba, Lemon Grass, Lesser Periwinkle, Neem, Papaya, Pau d' Arco, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Quassia, Shiny Bush, Simaruba, Soursop, Spondias mombin, Tropical almond.
Drug derived from a micro-organism or produced synthetically (e.g. penicillin).
It destroys or limits the growth of a living organism or fungus.
Bitter Melon, Papaya, Bell Apple, Allamanda Cathartica, Spondias mombin, Sarsaparilla.
Used in the treatment of cancer.
Zingiber zerumbet, Zingiber aromaticum, Periwinkle, Soursop, Bitter Melon, Papaya, Bell Apple, Allamanda Cathartica, Pao Pereira, Sarsaparilla, Curcuma xanthorriza.
Anticoagulant (Blood thinners):
Prevents or delays blood clots from forming.
Cayenne pepper, Garlic, Ginger, Wild sage.
Substance meant to oppose depression or sadness.
Turnera diffusa, Cat's Claw, Passionflower, Soursop, Mimosa pudica.
Antidote for snake - and scorpion bites:
Drug, that neutralizes or minimizes the effects of a poison.
Hibiscus abelmoschus, Holy Basil, Simaruba Officinalis.
Suppress the action of hormones that promote pregnancy.
Substance that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi.
Aloe vera, Candlestick Senna, Eclipta alba, Epazote, Garlic, Gossypium, Hamelia patens, Jatoba, Mango, Neem, Papaya, Pau d' Arco, Tropical almond, Virola Surinamensis, Waltheria americana.
Substance against any of several kinds of arbovirus (f.i. insects or crustaceans) infections usually occuring in a specific geographic area.
Damaging to the liver (drugs or alcohol).
Bitter Melon, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Quassia, Wild Tomato.
Used to reduce inflammation.
Abuta, Andiroba, Annato, Arrowroot, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Cassava, Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Copaiba, Curcuma xanthorriza, Ginger, Greater Periwinkle, Guava, Hog plum, Jatoba, Lesser Periwinkle, Malay apple, Mimosa pudica, Passionflower, Pau d' Arco, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Sarsaparilla, Sweet Broom, Verbena, Waltheria americana, Wild Tomato, Worm Bush, Zingiber aromaticum, Zingiber zerumbet.
Destroys or inhibits growth of disease-causing bacteria and other micro-organisms.
Candlestick Senna, Copaiba, Guava, Jatoba, Lantana, Pau d' Arco, Greater Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Possum Wood, Simaruba, Wormseed.
Reduces, prevents or reverses the action of a mutagen.
Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Pau d' Arco, Soursop, Wild Tomato.
Protects against free radical activity and lipid peroxidation by preventing oxidation.
Acai, Annato, Barbados Cherry, Billy goat weed, Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Cayenne pepper, Curcuma xanthorriza, Garlic, Ginger, Jamun, Jatoba, Kumis kucing, Neem, Scoparia dulcis.
Drug to prevent or kill parasites.
Andiroba, Annato, Bitter Melon, Candlestick Senna, Cat's Claw, Jatoba, Mango, Papaya, Passionflower, Pau d' Arco, Quassia, Simaruba, Soursop, Velvetbean, Verbena, Wild Tomato, Wormseed.
Destroys or inhibits germs, disease-causing bacteria and other micro-organisms, sufficiently non-toxic to cleanse wounds and prevent infections.
Abuta, Andiroba Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Hog plum,Passionflower, Sarsaparilla, Sweet Broom Tamarindus indica, Theobroma cacao, Wild Tomato, .
Substance that relieves spasm of smooth muscle.
Abuta, Desmodium, Guava, Hibiscus abelmoschus, Holy Basil, Jatoba, Lime peel, Mimosa pudica, Passionflower, Phyllanthus amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Roselle, Shiny bush, Soursop, Tonka beans, Verbena, Vinca.
Reduces the formation of blood clots; therapeutically for prevention or treatment of a dangerous blood clot.
Substance that depress coughing.
Chrysophyllum cainito, Annato, Carpenter's Grass, Copaiba, Jatoba, Lemongrass, Mango, Passionflower, Shiny Bush, Sweet Broom, Trumpet Tree, Wild Tomato.
Substance that protects against the formation of ulcers or is used for the treatment of ulcers.
Copaifera officinalis, Eclipta, Galanga, Lantana, Vassourinha.
Soursop, Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Garlic, Mango, Pau d' Arco, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Quassia, Sweet Broom.
An emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behavior.
Giant Bloodflower, Holy basil, Lion's ear, Passion flower.
Abuta, Bitter Melon, Castor Bean, Jatoba, Papaya, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Quassia, Sweet Broom.
To stimulate sexual activity and libido.
Alligator pepper, Bitter Melon, Cayenne Pepper, Devil's Doer, Fingerroot, Jak fruit, Sarsaparilla, Sweet Broom, Tropical almond, Turnera diffusa, Velvet bean.
Occurs when the appendix (small, worm-like, appendage) becomes blocked; bacteria invade and infect the wall of the appendix. Symptoms may take 4 to 48 hours to develop.
Normal desire esp. for food, but also for other need, including sex.
Curcuma xanthorriza, Lime peel, Quassia (loss of appetite).
Is joint pain when there is no inflammation involved.
Inflammation of a joint or joints that may cause swelling, redness, stiffness and pain.
There are over 100 different types of arthritis. The most common form is osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease).
Abuta, Andiroba, Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Cordia curassavica, Curcuma xanthorriza, Desmodium adscendens, Jatoba, Noni, Papaya, Pau d' Arco, Pine, Sarsaparilla, Soursop, Waltheria Americana, Wild Tomato, Wormseed.
Disorder of the arteries; Also called Hardening of the arteries.
Cat's Claw, Cayenne, Curcumin, Garlic, Ginger.
Infection with ascaris worms acquired through feces-contaminated water or food.
Substance to destroy or inhibit, Ascaris lumbricoides, a intestinal parasitic worm.
Candlestick Senna, Mango, Papaya, Velvetbean, Wormseed.
Respiratory disorder; episodes of difficulty in breathing, wheezing, cough and thick mucous production caused by spasm or inflammation of the bronchi.
Abuta, African eggplant, Annato, Bitter Melon, Bloodflower, Breadfruit, Cacao, Candlestick senna, Cat's claw, Cayenne pepper, Coffee, Desmodium adscendens, Eclipta alba, Eggplant, Euphorhia hirta, Jak fruit, Jatoba, Jamun, Kapok Tree, Lemongrass, Mango, Papaya, Passionflower, Phyllanthus amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Sarsaparilla, Sweet Potato, Trumpet tree, Velvetbean, Verbena, Waltheria americana, Wild tomato, Wormseed.
Causing the skin to draw tight, to stop bleeding in minor cuts.
Tamarindus indica, Rambutan, Annato, Barbados Cherry, Cyperus Rotundus, Bitter Melon, Guava, Jatoba, Greater Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Quassia, Soursop, Spanish Cedar.
A condition where the arteries become narrowed and hardened due to a build up of plaque around the artery wall.
Cat's claw, Cayenne pepper, Curcumin, Garlic, Kalanchoe, Roselle.
Fungal infection (ringworm) of the foot. It generally starts between the toes, causing itching and burning. A common fungal infection of the foot also called tinea pedis. Later, a bacterium may replace the fungus and cause the skin between the toes to turn white, crack and peel off. Treatment is by antifungal preparations.
Copaifera officinalis, Cassia Alata, Eclipta alba, Epazote, Virola surinamensis.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):
Common childhood brain disorder and can continue through adolescence and adulthood.
Pain in the back. Backache is a common complaint; it may be caused by muscle strain or other muscle injury or disorder, or by pressure on a nerve, resulting from vertebral disk injury, or as a symptom of many other disorders.
Physic Nut, Desmodium Adscendens.
Soothing, healing oily substance.
Bilharzia (Snail fever):
Schistosomiasis, snail fever or Bilharzia; caused by parasitic flatworms called schistosomes. The urinary tract or the intestines may be infected.
Disorders of the urinary bladder; a muscular, membranous sac that stores urine.
Amaranthus tricolor, Abuta, Bitter Melon, Jatoba, Kumis kucing, Lemongrass, Mango, Phyllanthus amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Trumpet tree, Pride of Barbados, Sarsaparilla, Wild Tomato, Virola Surinamensis, Waltheria americana.
Excessive discharge of mucus.
Abuta, Jatoba, Phyllanthus urinaria, Quassia Amara, Phyllanthus Amarus, Sweet Broom.
Cat's Claw, Sarsaparilla.
Force of blood on the walls of the arteries resulting from the squeezing effects of the heart's left ventricle (systole), with residual maintenance (diastole) as the heart chambers relax and expand.
Artocarpus altilis, Shiny bush, Syzygium jamun.
Simple sugar that is the major energy source in the body.
Lowers the change of a heart attack and stroke (lessens the chance for blood clots to form).
Cayenne pepper, Curcumin, Garlic, Ginger.
Small painful lumps in the skin that has a core of dead tissue and surounding inflammation.
Abuta, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Papaya, Pau d' Arco, Soursop, Verbena, Wild Tomato.
Bowel / Intestine disorders:
Intestines especially the large intestines. That part of the alimentary canal extending from the pyloric opening of the stomach to the anus.
Sesamum indicum, Billy Goat Weed, Cat's Claw, Copaiba, Guava, Jatoba, Papaya, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Wild Tomato.
Malignant (cancerous) tumor; 2 types can be distinguished.
Primary tumors, originating within the brain and secondary tumors, spreading from somewhere else.
Curcumin, Graviola, Pao pereira, Puyang.
One of the most common malignancies in women in the United States, with several known risk factors, including a family history of breast cancer.
Early symptoms are usually detected by the woman during breast self-examination and include a small painless lump; thick or dimpled skin, or a change in the nipple; later symptoms include nipple discharge, pain and swollen lymph glands in the armpit area.
Diagnosis is made by physical examination, mammography and laboratory examination of tumor cells obtained through biopsy.
Bitter Melon, Mango, Noni, Pao pereira .
Inflammation of a bronchus or of the bronchi.
Abuta, African eggplant, Candlestick Senna, Coffee plum, Copaiba, Euphorhia hirta, Garlic, Guava, Hard stick, Jatoba, Jamun, Mango, Passionflower, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Pride of Barbados, Spondias mombin, Sweet Broom, Trumpet Tree, Verbena, Waltheria americana, Wild Tomato.
Tissue injury resulting from exposure to excessive sun, heat, caustic or electricity.
Annato, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Indian jujube, Mango, Papaya, Sarsaparilla, Sweet Potato.
Inflammation of a bursa, fluid-filled membranelined sac, usually in the vicinity of joints.
Curcuma xanthorriza, Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Jatoba.
Stone that forms in the body, f.i. gall- and kidneystone.
Abuta, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus.
Hardened area of skin as on the bottom of the foot .
Tissue formed around a bone fracture.
Abnormal, malignant growth of cells that invade nearby tissues and often spread to other sites in the body, interfering with the normal function of the affected sites.
Acerola, Alligator pepper, Andiroba, Annato, Bitter melon, Cat's claw, Curcuma xanthorriza, Fingerroot, Garlic, Galanga, Gossypium, Holy basil, Kalanchoe, Noni, Pao pereira, Papaya, Pau d'arco, Phyllanthus amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Quassia, Sarsaparilla, Soursop, Star apple, Tropical almond, Vassourinha, Velvet bean, Vinca, Wild tomato, Zingiber aromaticum, Zingiber zerumbet.
Yeast - like fungus that may infect the mouth, skin, intestines or vagina.
Candlestick Senna, Cat's Claw, Jatoba, Pau d' Arco, Wormseed.
Tonic to strengthen the heart and aorta.
Cat's Claw, Jatoba, Mango, Papaya, Greater Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Soursop, Tonka beans, Trumpet Tree, Cacao, Verbena, Wormbush.
Prevents formation of or used to expel stomach gas.
Piper marginatum, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Cyperus Rotundus, Greater Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Sarsaparilla, Velvet bean.
Nervous condition characterized by muscular rigidity and fixity of posture regardless of external stimuli. Decreased sensitivity to pain.
Mucous membrane infection.
Bitter Melon, Cordia, Copaiba, Jatoba, Mango, Matico, Soursop, Vinca.
Increases or stimulates the evacuation of the bowels. (See laxative)
CDiff (Clostridium difficile):
Bacterium that causes diarrhea and serious intestinal conditions such as colitis.
Garlic, Ginger, Turmeric (Curcumin forte), Spearmint
Combinations forms indicating an association with chemicals or chemistry.
Tropical almond, Curcuma xanthorriza.
Agents used to inhibit, delay, or reverse carcinogenesis (formation of a cancer).
Infection caused by the chikungunya virus (CHIKV). Symptoms include fever and joint pain.
Euphorbia hirta, Papaya.
Acute infection with the bacterium Vibrio Cholerae, characterized by severe diarrhea and vomiting, often leading to dehydration, electrolyte imbalances and if untreated, death.
Abuta, Guava, Mango, Velvet bean.
Increases the flow of bile from the gallbladder.
Candlestick Senna, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Sweet Broom.
Increase the production and flow of bile in the liver.
See Hypocholesterolemic.(Cholesterol = complex chemical, present in all animal fats and widespread in the body.
Acai, Arrowroot, Cayenne pepper, Garlic, Indian jujube, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Roselle, Sweet orange peel.
Increases the contractive power of the bile duct.
Chronic fatigue syndrome:
Fatigue = 1.exhaustion, weariness, loss of strength; 2.temporary inability of tissues to respond to stimuli.
Cat's Claw, Jatoba.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD):
One of the most common lung diseases; gives difficulty in breathing. The two main forms are: Chronic bronchitis and Emphysema.
Asthma weed, Embauba, Curcumin
Promotes wound healing and formation of new tissue.
Andiroba, Annato, Bitter Melon, Guava, Passionflower, Soursop, Sweet Broom.
General term for the movement of the blood, lymph, or other fluids through the body.
Arrowroot, Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Kalanchoe, Kumis kucing, Mango, Pau d' Arco, Roselle.
Stimulates the Central Nervous System.
Dobrudua, Giant Bloodflower
Mental health disorders that primarily affect learning, memory, perception, and problem solving.
Infection involving the nasal passages and upper part of the breathing system (not including the lungs) / influenza = acute, contagious, virus-caused infection of the respratory tract.
Abuta, Acerola, Andiroba, Annato, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Candlestick Senna, Cassia occidentalis, Cat's Claw, Cayenne Pepper, Cordia curassavica, Guava, Ginger, Lantana Camara, Lemongrass, Mango, Papaya, Pau d' Arco, Periwinkle, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Piper marginatum, Puyang, Sarsaparilla, Shiny bush, Simaruba, Soursop, Surinam cherry, Tonka Bean, Verbena, Vinca major, Waltheria America, Wild Tomato.
1.Acute pain associated with spasm of smooth muscle f.i. during passage of a kidneystone; 2.in infants; recurrent episodes of persistent crying accompanied by signs of abdominal distress, may be caused by intestinal gas.
Cake bush, Billy Goat Weed, Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Guava, Papaya, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus, Simaruba, Sweet Broom, Wild Tomato, Maracuja, Wormseed.
Colitis (Peptic ulcer):
Inflammation of the inner lining of the colon.
Cancer of the large intestine (colon); lower part of the digestive system.
Colon = segment of large intestine from the cecum to the rectum.
Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Pau d'Arco, Verbena.
Abnormal collection of blood or other fluid in the lungs.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the eyelids and the front of the eye, caused by bacterial or viral infection, allergy or irritation.
Abuta, Annato, Euphorbia hirta, Neem, Sarsaparilla, Sweet Broom, Wormseed.
Difficulty in having bowel movements.
Abuta, Annato, Banaba, Candlestick Senna, Castor Bean, Jatoba, Jatropha Curcas, Mountain Apple, Papaya, Pau d'Arco, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Sweet Broom.
Means of preventing fertilization.
Broomweed, Rosary pea.
Sudden, involuntary and violent contraction of a group of muscles; also called a seizure.
Abuta, Annato, Cassia occidentalis, Guava, Hard stick, Passionflower.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD):
Most common type of heart disease; when the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the build up of plaque on the inner walls.
Cayenne, Curcumin, Ginger.
Sudden forceful and audible expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the airpassages of irritants and helps to prevent aspiration of foreign particles into the lungs.
Abuta, Acerola, Ageratum, Andiroba, Bitter Melon, Cassia occidentalis, Cordia curassavica, Cyperus, Euphorbia hirta, Guava, Jatoba, Lantana Camara, Lemongrass, Mango, Passionflower, Pau d'Arco, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus urinaria, Portulaca oleracea, Puyang (whooping cough), Roselle, Sarsaparilla, Shiny bush, Soursop, Sweet Broom, Trumpet Tree, Velvetbean, Verbena, Wild Tomato.
Chronic inflammatory condition affecting the colon, producing frequent episodes of diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, fever, weakness and weightloss.
Cat's Claw, Curcumin forte .
Inherited disease, usually recognized in infancy or early childhood, in which the glands, esp. those of the pancreas, lungs and intestines, become clogged with thick mucus.
Inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters.
Curcuma xanthorriza, Abuta, Annato, Copaiba, Jatoba, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus Amarus
To damage or destroy cancerous cells.
Bitter Melon, Cat's Claw, Pau d'Arco, Simaruba, Soursop.