GEISSOSPERMUM VELLOSII - PAO PEREIRA.|
Geissospermum laeve, Geissospermum martianum, Tabernaemontana laevis.
Acariquara branca, Bergibita, Maria-congo, Pao pereira.
Apocynaceae (Dogbane family).
A medium sized canopy Amazon rainforest tree, indigenous to Suriname, growing up to 80' tall and 3-4' in diameter. The flowers are showy and white. It has a light brown to yellow furrowed trunk and alternate leaves; the fruits are horn-like; 2 follicle-like segments, fused and yellow when ripe. The numerous seeds are white and flat.
The fruit and extremities of the branches produce latex.
Geissospermum sericeum has a gold-like hairiness at the underside of the leaves.
However, the phytochemicals and working are identical to G. vellosii.
The bark of Geissospermum species is highly valued for its medicinal properties and wood.
Pao pereira occurs in non flooded areas of the forest. Plants of the Geissospermum genus are known for their extreme bitterness.
Pao pereira is also used as febrifuge (lowers fever) by the indians.
Indole and beta-carboline alkaloids such as Flavopereirine and Geissospermine with anti tumor properties.
The bitter inner-bark of Pao pereira has therapeutic action against cancer - and leukemia cells.
It also shows promising results in suppressing the further proliferation of HIV and herpes viruses.
Traditionally used in the Amazon against, fever, malaria, as a sexual stimulant and also used to strengthen the immune system.
Geissospermum species are believed to purify the blood and the liver. These species are said also to be used with succes for the prevention (prophylaxis) of malaria.
A bark decoction is used against infections of the penis, glands and stomach; in Brazil it is also used as a febrifuge.
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USDA zone 9 - 11.
Full sun and moist soil.
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